Hagia Sophia’s historical significance and curiosities: When was Hagia Sophia built, when was the museum and mosque and what is its historical significance?

Among the most curious topics of the agenda is Hagia Sophia’s decision to reopen to worship. Both Turkey gave the Council’s decision as a result of the re-trial to be converted into a mosque in the historical building of the museum activities and events reflected the world press. In the historical peninsula, the research on the history, importance and when it was made of the Hagia Sophia, located in the Sultanahmet square of Fatih district, has accelerated. So what is the historical significance of Hagia Sophia, when and by whom?

As a result of the decision regarding the annulment of the decision of the Council of Ministers dated 24 November 1934 regarding the conversion of Hagia Sophia from the mosque to a museum, it started to be wondered. The annulment of the Council of Ministers’ decision of the museum took place in the world press. Thus, the building located in the Sultanahmet square of Fatih district in the historical peninsula was reopened for worship. After the decision in the world press, the history and importance of Hagia Sophia started to be wondered. So what is the history and importance of Hagia Sophia? When and when was Hagia Sophia built?

Today, Hagia Sophia is transferred to the Presidency of Religious Affairs and opened for worship is on the agenda. After the announced decision, information such as the importance and history of Hagia Sophia, which is located in the Sultanahmet square in Fatih district in the historical peninsula, started to be wondered.

When will the first prayer be performed in Hagia Sophia? (CLICK FOR ANSWER)

The 10th Chamber of the Council of State annulled the decision of the Council of Ministers dated 24 November 1934 on the conversion of Hagia Sophia from a mosque to a museum. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that Hagia Sophia was handed over to Diyanet and opened for worship in the tweet shared with the message ‘Good luck’.

Here are the details of the history and importance of Hagia Sophia


Hagia Sophia is the largest church built by the Eastern Roman Empire in Istanbul and was built three times in the same place. When it was first built, it was called Megale Ekklesia (Great Church), and it was named Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) from the 5th century until the conquest of Istanbul. Megale Ekklesia and Emperor II, built by Emperor Konstantios in 360. The church Theodosis rebuilt in 415 was destroyed in the public uprisings. Today’s Hagia Sophia was built by Emperor Justinianos, two important architects of the time, Anthemios of Tralles (Aydın) and Isidoros of Miletos (Balat).

In the 16th and 17th centuries, mihrabs, minbars, muezzin ruins, preaching platforms and murals were added to the Hagia Sophia. Hagia Sophia was transformed into a complex structure during the Ottoman Period.

Hagia Sophia is in Sultan Ahmet district of Fatih district of Istanbul.
The building, which was open to worship as a church for 916 years, was converted into a mosque when Fatih Sultan Mehmed conquered Istanbul in 1453. On May 29, 1453, when the Ottoman Sultan Fatih Sultan Mehmet took Istanbul, Hagia Sophia was the shelter of injured Byzantine soldiers, women and children.
Orthodox Church members continued to worship in Hagia Sophia for a few days after the Ottoman Empire fell to Istanbul.
Fatih Sultan Mehmet, who performed his first Friday prayer in Istanbul on June 1, 1453, announced that Hagia Sophia would serve as a mosque under Ottoman rule. The altar and pulpit were built, the bell and the Cross were removed. The mosaics were covered.
The first minaret was built in 1481. Another minaret was erected during the reign of Sultan Bayezid II, who passed the throne after Fatih Sultan Mehmet.
The first minaret, which was built in the 1509 big Istanbul earthquake, was destroyed and a brick minaret was built instead.
Two other minarets were built during the reconstruction works by Mimar Sinan during the reign of Sultan Selim II. For this reason, Hagia Sophia’s 4 minarets built at different times are different from each other.
The tomb of Selim II became the first tomb of the sultan in Hagia Sophia. There are 43 different tombs in Hagia Sophia, including sultans, spouses and princes.
Among them are Sultan Third Murat, Sultan Third Mehmet, Safiye Sultan and Nurbanu Sultan.
Sultan Ahmet was the largest and most important mosque of the Ottoman State until 1616 when the Sultan Ahmet Mosque was built.
In 1739, a madrasa, library and soup kitchen were added to the mosque. Hagia Sophia, which was closed during the renovation works between 1847 and 1849, was opened as a mosque for the last time in 1849.
When did Hagia Sophia become a museum?
Although it was used as a mosque after the declaration of the republic in 1923, Hagia Sophia was closed in 1931. Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum in 1935 upon the order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the decision of the Council of Ministers. The works, which started after the permission of President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, lasted for 15 years and were completed in 1947. it is also on the UNESO World Heritage list.

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